“According to World Health Organization – W.H.O, the number of people worldwide with Diabetes is projected to rise from 171 million in 2000 to 366 million by 2030. The burden will fall heavily and disproportionately on the developing countries.
Countries such as Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Brazil will remain in the top-10 countries with the highest numbers of people with the condition, joined by the Philippines and Egypt ”
Diabetes Voice [September 2005/volume 50/Issue 3]
The population of Egypt reached around 72 million in 2005, 38% of whom are below the age of 15 years (Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics, Egyptian Government). Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in 20- 79 year age group in 2003 was estimated to be 9.8% ,expected to reach 12.3% in the year 2025 (International Diabetes Federation ,IDF, Atlas). The incidence rate of type 1 diabetes in young people in 2003 was estimated to be 8.0 per 100,000 populations per year in the 0-14 year age group (IDF Atlas).Egypt is the 10 th country worldwide in the number of people in 20-79 year age group with diabetes duo to large population size (IDF Atlas).
Education needs and affective issues:
Diabetes imposes considerable demands on children and their families. For many children, as they try to surmount the developmental challenges that are typical at their age, the additional burden of diabetes often proves difficult to cope with effectively. Diabetes can adversely affect both the psycho-social well-being and learning abilities of children or adolescents if not well managed. This almost always has a negative impact on the quality of life of these young people and their families. It has been widely demonstrated that psycho-social factors can influence a person’s ability to adhere to a diabetes management plan, and thus have an impact on blood glucose control. Particularly in children and adolescents with the condition, affective issues are of the outmost importance to consider in any individual diabetes management plan.